Constituted reason and constituent reason

Behind the variations of the reason there is an ultimate and radical invariant. André Lalande proposes the relevant distinction between constituent reason and constituted reason. The first one is pure 'form', pure requirement of rationality, of coherence and of unity. Pure normativeness that results in principles. As such it is universally and eternally essential in its absolute radicality, necessity, obviousness, universality and totality. The second one is a 'matter' informed by this constituent 'form'. This matter is always multiple, located in space, evolving through time, diversified by multiple human projects, limited in its possibilities of analysis and synthesis, mixed up with multiple not-rational affects, in short, the hard advance of knowledge which is science.

Science is the reason in act and moving. Scandal for the traditional essentialism which counts on absolute contents and final assets. The moving reason discovers that what is absolute in it, it is not what it 'contains', always historically variable, but its pure 'container' possibility, its pure normative 'form'. This pure normative calls for contents. It is always 'form' of a 'matter'. Something like a compromise with the hard advance of the human rational activity which gradually reaches agreement. Agreement of the spirit with itself. Agreement of the spirit with the 'other' reality than itself. Agreement of the spirits with spirits.


 


The
constituent reason is so discrete that it usually does not appear in full light. Leibniz already said of principles they were like the muscles and the tendons. You forget them when you are walking. It is poor compared with the richness of the constituted reason. It is a maidservant. It is tool of any tool. But it is also a queen. Supreme norm of every well considered thinking and of any coherent action. Supreme judge of its capacities. Escort and nevertheless sovereign possibility of a 'no', of a distance, making its irruption in the middle of nature.

All the different 'sciences', at different historical times, in different cultures, through different moments of a same culture, function inside this single and universal
constituent space of the logos. Levy-Bruhl believed in a pre-logical state preceding the logical one. In fact logic is of always. Only it functions in a different way.

The reason is carried out historically while removing epistemological and pragmatic obstacles, through the evolution of the material and intellectual 'tool'. Thus scientific rationality is brought up differently. Actually through history we get not-Euclidean geometries, non-Archimedian arithmetic, non-Newtonian physics, non-Laplacian mechanics, not-Cartesian epistemology, and a big lot more. From 'continuous' the intelligibility of matter becomes 'discontinuous'. The space-time reference frames move from absolute to relative. Determinism itself slips on the side of indeterminism. General-purpose logics replace traditional bivalent logics. Contradiction itself becomes rationally fertile through dialectics.

The
constituted reason at a given time is only a contingent manifestation of the eternal and universal
constituent reason. It appears in the evolutionary plasticity of its historical-cultural forms. It experiments what Bouligand means by the 'decline of the logical-mathematical absolutes'. It knows that an asset of science is provisional according to the evolution of the scientific knowledge itself. The scientific reason changes itself to adapt to conditions of new coherence rising from its own evolution. The reason has not only to transform the raw data of the experiment, it must change itself to adapt to an experiment which changes. The scientific experiment changes in the sense that the solutions brought by science to such or such a problem, at such a given time of history, modifies the data of the problem itself. Science widens thus and modifies its own frameworks continuously. The advance in knowledge coincides with the evolution of the forms and the rational principles.

Through these historical adventures, the reason remains however immutable in its requirements. Whatever the concrete forms of its application, the reason remains imperturbably critical opening and requirement of rationality. As
constituent, the reason remains immutably axiological requirement. And it is this actively constituent reason, the reason of any historically constituted reason, which universally governs the matrix space of the human spirit, the space of the logos.

'Science' is not simply
made up science, that is the imposing building of the whole of concepts, knowledge, methods, laws and theories. The state of science at a given time of its step is never but one relative and revisable state. Behind made up or constituted sciences is at work the constituent science, the conquest of the scientific reason. A never completed adventure of scientific intelligibility.



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01 Human Paradox
A paradoxal animal
Human paradox
In rupture
An animal in crisis
An animal 'less' (something)
Premature and naked
Child of the difference
Child of elsewhere
 
02 Verticality
Middle and extremes
Tropism to upwards
Divine instinct
The vertical living
Vertical interiority
The personal mystery
In strict immanence
 
03 Gaping Depths
Gaping deepness
Child of gaping
Gaping on an other order
Gaping of meaning
Gaping on the questioning
Gaping of matter
Gaping of existence
In vertical gaping
Negative anthropology
 
 
04 Sacral Difference
Sacral dimension
The sacral difference
Sacral crisis
The archaeological sacred
Sacral verticality
Hiero-tropic space-time
 
05 Human Environment
Human space
Closed and open
Curvature of space
Negative space
Space of the sense
Including and included
Between Alpha and Omega
 
 
06 The Matrix of Humanity
Child of a culture
Human matrix
Culture and cultures
Master speech
Refusing the enclosures
 
07 The Spirit
The spiritual reality
How define it?
Going through
DIS-tinction
The spirit says no
Dialectics
 
08 Spiritual Breath
Breathing
Spiritual energy
Making sense
To signify
Sense is through gaping
Speech and language
Symbol
Faith
 
 
09 The Sense of Sense
The Sense
The space of the sense
The house of the sense
Including and included sense
Confinement
Master and possessor of sense
 
10 The Reason
Science
Constituted and constituent
Scientific dialectics
Bubble
Between
Structure and sense
 
11 The Meaning
Demiurge of the significances
Through
To run here and there
Mechanism
Trough articulation
Articulable matter
 
 
12 Systems Analysis
Systemics
The system
Systemic operation
Energy
Tanks
 
13 Oïkology
Impossible closing
Systemic totality
The house of the spirit
Ecology
We sinned
 
 
14 Exodus
Spiritual adventure
Out of safety measures
Out of the cave
Logos in exodus
 
15 Through Difference
Difference
Starting from difference
Crossing the duality
A logic of crossing
Chance
 
16 Dialectics
Going through 'no'
Fundamental dynamics
Dia-logos
The fourth dimension
Passover dialectics
 
17 Alliance
Broken Alliance
Rupture of the bond
The prodigal son
Atheism
State of grace
 
 
18 History
Emergence of History
Impossible totalizing
Trans-historic verticality
The sense in exodus
Between Alpha and Omega
 
19 Fertile Confrontation
Singular adventure
Dialectical gestation
Antithesis
Two revolutions
Exponents
A long gestation
Explosiveness
 
20 Progress
What is progress?
Source of The progress
Exponential acceleration
The tool of progrès
Why it isn't working
Wedged exponential growth
Progressive illusion
 
21 Schizoid
Tautological speech
Idealism
Master and possessor
Flirt with nothingness
God driven out
Without the Father
Without recourse
Psychosis
 
 
22 The Other One
Arising
The other one
Exposed
To tell the other one
 
 
23 Adventurers
Components and exponents
Adventurers of eschatology
Today
 
24 Through Scandal
Gaping mystery of evil
Trough distance
Congenital evil
Entropy in the human hearth
 
25 Agape
Gaping of Eros
Captive desire
Eros and Agape
Going down
Defeated entropy
 
 
26 God in You
Tropism for Agape
Bottomless bottom
Cleaning the sources
Let you fall
You fall into God
 
 
 
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