The constituent science provokes unceasingly the constituted sciences in setting new targets. In its overall evolution, science progresses dialectically. The history of sciences is the animated history of victories won over contradiction. A scientific 'truth' is each time a (temporarily) overcome contradiction, while waiting to meet a new contradiction. The prospect for a science which would advance in continuous line by simple 'accumulation' corresponds to a naive image. Actually crises are driving scientific progress. The advance in knowledge means something like a permanent revolution.
It is thanks to the dialectical articulation of two movements of the thought, the inductive movement and the deductive movement, that the spirit reaches gradually an agreement with the natural reality. It begins working already with the simple perception. For man 'to feel it' and 'to see it' are already kneaded of ideas because perception is already assumed in the conduct of the logos. Science begins strictly with the language. The discursive articulation of the language is more and more in charge of the rational articulation of the cosmos in the unit of the 'logos' inextricably word, calculation and reason.
From the simple subjective appearance to an objective perception of facts, - the scientific facts -, from scientific facts to the rational articulation of the relationship between the facts, - the scientific laws -, from the scientific laws to the articulation of relationship between the scientific ratios, - the theories -, takes place a progressive dialectical conquest of the rational realm over the empirical one. And this evolutionary and revolutionary conquest is already given, so to say in embryo, as soon as the specific humanity emerges at the same time in continuity and in rupture with nature.
The scientific experiment is logos managed. The process of the logos in taking control of the concrete reality proceeds dialectically between two heterogeneous differential polarities which are, on the one hand, the given natural reality and, on the other hand, the idea. This is going on through a triple moment, released by Claude Bernard, which governs the experimental process. The fact suggests the idea. The idea directs the experiment. The experiment judges the idea.
Hypothesis,the idea behind what you see. If… then. The process is hypothetical-deductive. It is necessary to confront the idea with the facts. The hypothesis has scientific significance only if it is verifiable. It is thus necessary to invent the means of checking, and for doing that, you have still to proceed hypothetical-deductively. Actually it was Blaise Pascal who invented as well the experimental device as the conditions of experimentation for checking the assumption of Toricelli. The hypothesis directs the experiment. The experiment judges the idea.
The scientific object is not any more an object by itself having its truth and even its reality independently of the knowing subject. The object of science is a 'ratio'. It is the relationship itself between a subject and an object. This purely logical ratio is mathematically translated. Science thus constitutes a dialectical process beyond of the two first antithetic prospects. Objectivity and subjectivity are exceeded in a logical-material reality we call 'universe'. This universe is neither simply given nor simply received. It is built. It is to some extent created by science.
The new scientific spirit relativizes its speech as 'one' possible speech on totality. It aims at relations rather than at 'real' objects. It proceeds and is constituted hypothetical-deductively. Its 'materialism' is not any more 'substantial' but simply of 'structural'.
Science is a dialectical overtaking of dogmatism and scepticism. Both find the truth in their going beyond. Here is an epistemological turning of major importance which opens the modern prospect on the scientific truth. This one cannot be constituted any more in dogmatic absolute affirmations. It proceeds critically.
|01 Human Paradox A paradoxal animal Human paradox In rupture An animal in crisis An animal 'less' (something) Premature and naked Child of the difference Child of elsewhere||02 Verticality Middle and extremes Tropism to upwards Divine instinct The vertical living Vertical interiority The personal mystery In strict immanence||03 Gaping Depths Gaping deepness Child of gaping Gaping on an other order Gaping of meaning Gaping on the questioning Gaping of matter Gaping of existence In vertical gaping Negative anthropology|
|04 Sacral Difference Sacral dimension The sacral difference Sacral crisis The archaeological sacred Sacral verticality Hiero-tropic space-time||05 Human Environment Human space Closed and open Curvature of space Negative space Space of the sense Including and included Between Alpha and Omega||06 The Matrix of Humanity Child of a culture Human matrix Culture and cultures Master speech Refusing the enclosures|
|07 The Spirit The spiritual reality How define it? Going through DIS-tinction The spirit says no Dialectics||08 Spiritual Breath Breathing Spiritual energy Making sense To signify Sense is through gaping Speech and language Symbol Faith||09 The Sense of Sense The Sense The space of the sense The house of the sense Including and included sense Confinement Master and possessor of sense|
|10 The Reason Science Constituted and constituent Scientific dialectics Bubble Between Structure and sense||11 The Meaning Demiurge of the significances Through To run here and there Mechanism Trough articulation Articulable matter||12 Systems Analysis Systemics The system Systemic operation Energy Tanks|
|13 Oïkology Impossible closing Systemic totality The house of the spirit Ecology We sinned||14 Exodus Spiritual adventure Out of safety measures Out of the cave Logos in exodus||15 Through Difference Difference Starting from difference Crossing the duality A logic of crossing Chance|
|16 Dialectics Going through 'no' Fundamental dynamics Dia-logos The fourth dimension Passover dialectics||17 Alliance Broken Alliance Rupture of the bond The prodigal son Atheism State of grace||18 History Emergence of History Impossible totalizing Trans-historic verticality The sense in exodus Between Alpha and Omega|
|19 Fertile Confrontation Singular adventure Dialectical gestation Antithesis Two revolutions Exponents A long gestation Explosiveness||20 Progress What is progress? Source of The progress Exponential acceleration The tool of progrès Why it isn't working Wedged exponential growth Progressive illusion||21 Schizoid Tautological speech Idealism Master and possessor Flirt with nothingness God driven out Without the Father Without recourse Psychosis|
|22 The Other One Arising The other one Exposed To tell the other one||23 Adventurers Components and exponents Adventurers of eschatology Today||24 Through Scandal Gaping mystery of evil Trough distance Congenital evil Entropy in the human hearth|
|25 Agape Gaping of Eros Captive desire Eros and Agape Going down Defeated entropy||26 God in You Tropism for Agape Bottomless bottom Cleaning the sources Let you fall You fall into God||Autor|