Scientific dialectics

The constituent science provokes unceasingly the constituted sciences in setting new targets. In its overall evolution, science progresses dialectically. The history of sciences is the animated history of victories won over contradiction. A scientific 'truth' is each time a (temporarily) overcome contradiction, while waiting to meet a new contradiction. The prospect for a science which would advance in continuous line by simple 'accumulation' corresponds to a naive image. Actually crises are driving scientific progress. The advance in knowledge means something like a permanent revolution.


 


It is thanks to the dialectical articulation of two movements of the thought, the
inductive movement and the
deductive movement, that the spirit reaches gradually an agreement with the natural reality. It begins working already with the simple perception. For man 'to feel it' and 'to see it' are already kneaded of ideas because perception is already assumed in the conduct of the logos. Science begins strictly with the language. The discursive articulation of the language is more and more in charge of the rational articulation of the cosmos in the unit of the 'logos' inextricably word, calculation and reason.

 


From the simple
subjective appearance to an objective perception of facts, - the scientific facts -, from scientific facts to the rational articulation of the relationship between the facts, - the scientific laws -, from the scientific laws to the articulation of relationship between the scientific ratios, - the theories -, takes place a progressive dialectical conquest of the rational realm over the empirical one. And this evolutionary and revolutionary conquest is already given, so to say in embryo, as soon as the specific humanity emerges at the same time in continuity and in rupture with nature.



The scientific experiment is logos managed.
The process of the logos in taking control of the concrete reality proceeds dialectically between two heterogeneous differential polarities which are, on the one hand, the given natural reality and, on the other hand, the idea. This is going on through a triple moment, released by Claude Bernard, which governs the experimental process. The fact suggests the idea. The idea directs the experiment. The experiment judges the idea.


 


Hypothesis,the idea behind what you see.
If… then. The process is hypothetical-deductive. It is necessary to confront the idea with the facts. The hypothesis has scientific significance only if it is verifiable. It is thus necessary to invent the means of checking, and for doing that, you have still to proceed hypothetical-deductively. Actually it was Blaise Pascal who invented as well the experimental device as the conditions of experimentation for checking the assumption of Toricelli. The hypothesis directs the experiment. The experiment judges the idea.


 


The scientific object is not any more an object by itself having its truth and even its reality independently of the knowing subject. The object of science is a 'ratio'. It is the
relationship itself between a subject and an object. This purely logical ratio is mathematically translated. Science thus constitutes a dialectical process beyond of the two first antithetic prospects. Objectivity and subjectivity are exceeded in a logical-material reality we call 'universe'. This universe is neither simply given nor simply received. It is built. It is to some extent created by science.


 


The new scientific spirit
relativizes its speech as 'one' possible speech on totality. It aims at relations rather than at 'real' objects. It proceeds and is constituted hypothetical-deductively. Its 'materialism' is not any more 'substantial' but simply of 'structural'.



Science is a dialectical overtaking of
dogmatism and scepticism. Both find the truth in their going beyond. Here is an epistemological turning of major importance which opens the modern prospect on the scientific truth. This one cannot be constituted any more in dogmatic absolute affirmations. It proceeds critically.


 
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01 Human Paradox
A paradoxal animal
Human paradox
In rupture
An animal in crisis
An animal 'less' (something)
Premature and naked
Child of the difference
Child of elsewhere
 
02 Verticality
Middle and extremes
Tropism to upwards
Divine instinct
The vertical living
Vertical interiority
The personal mystery
In strict immanence
 
03 Gaping Depths
Gaping deepness
Child of gaping
Gaping on an other order
Gaping of meaning
Gaping on the questioning
Gaping of matter
Gaping of existence
In vertical gaping
Negative anthropology
 
 
04 Sacral Difference
Sacral dimension
The sacral difference
Sacral crisis
The archaeological sacred
Sacral verticality
Hiero-tropic space-time
 
05 Human Environment
Human space
Closed and open
Curvature of space
Negative space
Space of the sense
Including and included
Between Alpha and Omega
 
 
06 The Matrix of Humanity
Child of a culture
Human matrix
Culture and cultures
Master speech
Refusing the enclosures
 
07 The Spirit
The spiritual reality
How define it?
Going through
DIS-tinction
The spirit says no
Dialectics
 
08 Spiritual Breath
Breathing
Spiritual energy
Making sense
To signify
Sense is through gaping
Speech and language
Symbol
Faith
 
 
09 The Sense of Sense
The Sense
The space of the sense
The house of the sense
Including and included sense
Confinement
Master and possessor of sense
 
10 The Reason
Science
Constituted and constituent
Scientific dialectics
Bubble
Between
Structure and sense
 
11 The Meaning
Demiurge of the significances
Through
To run here and there
Mechanism
Trough articulation
Articulable matter
 
 
12 Systems Analysis
Systemics
The system
Systemic operation
Energy
Tanks
 
13 Oïkology
Impossible closing
Systemic totality
The house of the spirit
Ecology
We sinned
 
 
14 Exodus
Spiritual adventure
Out of safety measures
Out of the cave
Logos in exodus
 
15 Through Difference
Difference
Starting from difference
Crossing the duality
A logic of crossing
Chance
 
16 Dialectics
Going through 'no'
Fundamental dynamics
Dia-logos
The fourth dimension
Passover dialectics
 
17 Alliance
Broken Alliance
Rupture of the bond
The prodigal son
Atheism
State of grace
 
 
18 History
Emergence of History
Impossible totalizing
Trans-historic verticality
The sense in exodus
Between Alpha and Omega
 
19 Fertile Confrontation
Singular adventure
Dialectical gestation
Antithesis
Two revolutions
Exponents
A long gestation
Explosiveness
 
20 Progress
What is progress?
Source of The progress
Exponential acceleration
The tool of progrès
Why it isn't working
Wedged exponential growth
Progressive illusion
 
21 Schizoid
Tautological speech
Idealism
Master and possessor
Flirt with nothingness
God driven out
Without the Father
Without recourse
Psychosis
 
 
22 The Other One
Arising
The other one
Exposed
To tell the other one
 
 
23 Adventurers
Components and exponents
Adventurers of eschatology
Today
 
24 Through Scandal
Gaping mystery of evil
Trough distance
Congenital evil
Entropy in the human hearth
 
25 Agape
Gaping of Eros
Captive desire
Eros and Agape
Going down
Defeated entropy
 
 
26 God in You
Tropism for Agape
Bottomless bottom
Cleaning the sources
Let you fall
You fall into God
 
 
 
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