The mechanist revolution is of structural essence. It is congenital with modern science such as it was constituted starting from the end of the sixteenth century with Galileo (1564-1643), Mersenne (1588-1649), Gassendi (1592-1655), Descartes (1596-1650)… It starts with a bet on the deep rationality of reality. This rationality is identified with the transparency of the elements and the possibility to articulate ratios, in the certainty that real articulation and mathematical articulation are identical. There is thus a pragmatic agreement between rationalismand empiricism. From now on the permanent miracle becomes possible to some extent . Through the clever way that industrial revolutions will start to promote, every thing can be articulated, dis-articulated and re-articulated towards an infinitely new world. The prototype of mechanist intelligibility is the machine.
The elder intelligibility aimed at knowing the mystery of the ontological bond of the beings and the events. It speculated on 'principles', on 'virtues', on 'forces', on 'influences', etc. supposed to tie the world in symbiotic totality. The new mechanist intelligibility does not any more apprehend the world in its ontological bonds but a universe logically structured according to mathematical ratios in a geometrical space time. It is not centred any more on the being but on the structure. From now on the being, to some extent demystified, is delivered in its nudity to infinite handling.
The epistemological and pragmatic system of the mechanism implies:
a) A total immanence, the system being explained entirely by itself without any external influence.
b) A perfect closing, the system being completely sufficient in itself.
c) A reductionistic and atomistic aiming where the part wants to explain the whole and simple, the complex.
d) A structural intelligibility which does not overflow the strict articulation, dis-articulation and re-articulation according to calculable ratios.
e) A purely quantitative approach which, far from rejecting the qualitative one, integrates it by reducing it.
In one word, 'that' functions without external intervention.
The world loses its 'soul'. The mechanist intelligibility is from the start on essentially imperialist. Nothing resists in front of it. In less than three centuries even the 'mystery' of life seems delivered, body and soul, to its articulation. 'Vitalism' is to some extent emptied of its substance. It loses its 'soul', the 'anima' which gives life to an 'animal', the 'anemon', this quasi immaterial force of the breath, the 'vital force', the ontological principle victorious of death... 'Life' is stripped of its mysterious specificities. Organics makes place to mechanics. Cosmic totality, once animated as a 'vital milieu', is now articulated in a geometrical space. Causality is not any more participation but simple structural articulation of measurable dimensions. Quality is eaten by quantity. Complexity can be put in equation. The 'mystery' becomes calculable.
The evanescence of the soul leaves the matter delivered to itself. And it is the materialism who seizes it. 'Matter' emerges only painfully from its qualitative dimensions. It needs a long time to take its distances from human feeling. It has to loose its 'affects' like 'heavy', 'dense', 'palpable', 'tangible', 'resistant', 'persistent', etc.
The concept of 'structure' becomes a cardinal concept in modern episteme who delivers any thing to articulation. In the certainty that every thing pertains to a vast combinatorial system and can be constructed and deconstructed, theoretically and pragmatically, intelligibly and effectively, in strict transparent exteriority of space and time. If you analyse matter rignt through only the concept of structure will be left, thus becoming a concept-key of modern intelligibility. Released from anthropomorphic projections, forsaking the metaphysical plan, it operates the passage from ontology to logic, from being to understandable relation, a logical, calculable, translatable ratio according to mathematical type.
For instance. Here you have water. You can describe this 'matter' (water is a colorless, odorless liquid…), it can be simply useful to you (to wash, to drink…) you can evoke it poetically in its symbolic richness (fertilizing water…) you can try to explain it while going back to increasingly small parts (made up of droplets of water, water particles…). By doing this you do not leave the tautological assertion that water is water… just affected by qualities which explain its richness for you.
Here you have H-O-H. It is same water. But so to speak in its nudity. Simple formula. Water becomes understandable. Not yet an 'essence' but a pure structure. A simple logical ratio which translates the molecular structure of water and which delivers at the same time its law of construction. H and O are not first 'hydrogen' and 'oxygen', as if they would evoke essential or substantial 'components'. They are initially symbols like other symbols of mathematical type. No doubt these symbols are not pure abstractions and refer indeed to 'something' existing in nature where hydrogen and oxygen can be met concretely like two bodies. But this 'something' transcends the 'thing' to seek itself, beyond itself, in new formulas, in new structures.
The formula of water, H-O-H, gives the law of construction of the water molecule from elements known as 'simple' bodies, hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). All what exists materially in the vast universe, the billion and the billion compounds, they are real or simply possible, are never but 'buildings' from the 103 kinds of elements counted by modern chemistry. Such a combinative possibility is something marvellous. Thanks to it the elements, far from being closed on themselves, can enter in connection, in ratio, in synthesis of new structures. Their indefinite combination produces the indefinite multiplicity of the concrete things existing in nature or created artificially by man.
All the bodies, all the physical beings of the universe, even the whole nature are thus like words, sentences, a gigantic text, written starting from an alphabet of 103 signs. The examination of the table of the periodic classification of the elements, successor of the table of Mendéleiev (1869) with its 92 elements then known, can bring joys close to contemplation. You understand the writing of Creation! Thus a small number of elements is sufficient to combine an infinite multiple and complex world. A few tens of elementary sounds produced by the human vocal apparatus are enough to articulate all the languages of the world. Ten numerical signs are enough to compose the infinity of numbers. The 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, plus some accents and some punctuation marks, are enough to compose all the texts (and their translations) passed, present and futures of all the humanity. About sixty keys of the keyboard of a computer… this is still a luxurious concession to the human convenience since this same keyboard transcribes for the use of the machine, which functions in 'binary', the result of these some keys with only two different signs which you can translate numerically by '0' and '1', logically by 'yes' and 'not', electronically by '0 V' and '+ 5 V'. Two different signs at least are necessary. But two are sufficient for all to say and all to compose.
An articulation without significance? The 'form' (idea, plan, grammar, etc.) was thought as a power of another kind which imposed its order on 'matter'. Today a terrible question emerges: Why couldn't life be just reduced to a highly complexed 'structure'? 'Matter' being supposed to generate its 'form' by itself… As if all you have to say were: give me chance and necessity... Structure makes the remainder.
|01 Human Paradox A paradoxal animal Human paradox In rupture An animal in crisis An animal 'less' (something) Premature and naked Child of the difference Child of elsewhere||02 Verticality Middle and extremes Tropism to upwards Divine instinct The vertical living Vertical interiority The personal mystery In strict immanence||03 Gaping Depths Gaping deepness Child of gaping Gaping on an other order Gaping of meaning Gaping on the questioning Gaping of matter Gaping of existence In vertical gaping Negative anthropology|
|04 Sacral Difference Sacral dimension The sacral difference Sacral crisis The archaeological sacred Sacral verticality Hiero-tropic space-time||05 Human Environment Human space Closed and open Curvature of space Negative space Space of the sense Including and included Between Alpha and Omega||06 The Matrix of Humanity Child of a culture Human matrix Culture and cultures Master speech Refusing the enclosures|
|07 The Spirit The spiritual reality How define it? Going through DIS-tinction The spirit says no Dialectics||08 Spiritual Breath Breathing Spiritual energy Making sense To signify Sense is through gaping Speech and language Symbol Faith||09 The Sense of Sense The Sense The space of the sense The house of the sense Including and included sense Confinement Master and possessor of sense|
|10 The Reason Science Constituted and constituent Scientific dialectics Bubble Between Structure and sense||11 The Meaning Demiurge of the significances Through To run here and there Mechanism Trough articulation Articulable matter||12 Systems Analysis Systemics The system Systemic operation Energy Tanks|
|13 Oïkology Impossible closing Systemic totality The house of the spirit Ecology We sinned||14 Exodus Spiritual adventure Out of safety measures Out of the cave Logos in exodus||15 Through Difference Difference Starting from difference Crossing the duality A logic of crossing Chance|
|16 Dialectics Going through 'no' Fundamental dynamics Dia-logos The fourth dimension Passover dialectics||17 Alliance Broken Alliance Rupture of the bond The prodigal son Atheism State of grace||18 History Emergence of History Impossible totalizing Trans-historic verticality The sense in exodus Between Alpha and Omega|
|19 Fertile Confrontation Singular adventure Dialectical gestation Antithesis Two revolutions Exponents A long gestation Explosiveness||20 Progress What is progress? Source of The progress Exponential acceleration The tool of progrès Why it isn't working Wedged exponential growth Progressive illusion||21 Schizoid Tautological speech Idealism Master and possessor Flirt with nothingness God driven out Without the Father Without recourse Psychosis|
|22 The Other One Arising The other one Exposed To tell the other one||23 Adventurers Components and exponents Adventurers of eschatology Today||24 Through Scandal Gaping mystery of evil Trough distance Congenital evil Entropy in the human hearth|
|25 Agape Gaping of Eros Captive desire Eros and Agape Going down Defeated entropy||26 God in You Tropism for Agape Bottomless bottom Cleaning the sources Let you fall You fall into God||Autor|