Impossible totalizing of History

The philosophers do not escape the temptation of the eternal return. Such is their strong libido to embrace the worrying opening of historical time while bringing it back to the reason of the construction of a 'system'. But the 'philosophies of History' which claim 'to buckle' up the totality of History in the safety and the closing of a system always invariably failed.

Impossible return in the eternal return… The nostalgia to seek refuge in the centre of the loop may be huge, but that is from now on impossible. You cannot return for a second time in the maternal womb. Once contaminated by historical concern it is impossible to get back any more the innocence of the eternal return. The human condition is irremediably delivered to adventure and risk. Nevertheless he can try to buckle 'virtually' the loop of his comprehension. By building a philosophy of History. Every philosophy of History wants thus to bring back History in the bosom of the reason. Their failure is however obvious. The reason of History, indeed, is not in the reason but in the opening of History which crucifies the reason.

We are irreversibly embarked. Our comprehension is it also irremediably embarked. Not only history is in exodus but also the intelligibility of history and its sense. Being in exodus without recourse, our reason is inevitably tempted by the cycle. Philosophies of history want to bring back history to reason. But the reason of history is not in the reason but in the history which crucifies the reason.

Philosophies of history are despaired efforts to knot again the wire which is reeled out of our range. These efforts try to deny the abrupt opening of the historical adventure without ever really succeeding. Unless being satisfied with the appearance of a success which, actually, is nothing else than a rationally disguised return in the cycle of the eternal return, with the secret wish not to be embarked without recourse but to master, at least intellectually, the situation.

A philosophy of History is each time born from the concern of placing the dubious adventure within a more rationally save-making framework. It is a question of understanding the past; it is still more a question of being located in the present; it is especially a question of dealing with the surprises of the future. To embrace the unknown brings intellectual satisfaction. It can defuse our existential threats. It may also, alas, control and dominate the human project.

One starts by extrapolating a historical segment and projecting it in the future. These two moments raise from the start of insurmountable difficulties. Is it possible to extrapolate and project another thing that of a relative one? Which part for which whole? Isn't this extrapolated portion of history ridiculously disproportionate compared to the totality of History? When we say history, which is the 'thickness' of timing we are located in and speaking about? The 'module' whose generalization and projection in the future allows a philosophy of history, which scale is it to be determined from? Is one century of material progress enough to justify its continuation ad infinitum and to affirm that the whole history is progress? What is a century, what are ten centuries, what are thousand centuries in comparison with the total History?

What do we know about historical times? Is it homogeneous or heterogeneous? What is more relevant, the continuous line or the ruptures? Where is the decisive one? Is it in evolution or in revolutions? Which past? The past in its totality escapes from us. It is never but one certain length more or less elucidated according to the epistemological possibilities of the present. Is only one certain reading always possible of one certain historical past. This past is revisable and, in fact, unceasingly re-examined. The model intended to be projected in the future is thus always relative. Relative in its framing. Relative in its contents. Relative in its form. To project this relative design in the totality of the future can be only an extremely hazardous undertaking. We can only project in the future uncertainties of the present nourished of just some certainties of the past.

And which future? Only
now is reality. The past is not any more. The future is not yet. The possibilities about the past are very relative. As for the future, it is mostly the domain of the impossible one, although it interests us primarily. Projection is thus our only possibility face to our impossibility on the future. What is worth such constructions starting from such projections? Can they be something else than only ideal constructions, necessarily dependant on one a priori since the future escapes any possible experience? They are thus only assumptions and as such subjected to the confirmation or the invalidation a posteriori of a future once accomplished.

To assign an 'end' to History, it would be necessary that one can consider it starting from its term or from its fence. However we are embarked in the middle of the History. The question of the sense of History is compromised with our adventure. It is heavy weight of the human decision through uncertainty and risk. The sense of History is in exodus. The sense of History is readable neither in the events themselves nor in their empirical unfolding. The sense of History can only transcend phenomenal events. It is not in the events, it crosses them. It comes from the other dimension of History, namely of its trans-historic verticality.

Hermeneutic circle.
The intelligibility of one time of history implies the intelligibility of the whole history… which is not possible but from one moment of history. The comprehension of the present determines the comprehension of the past. There is thus a past only according to a present. In addition the comprehension of the past determines the comprehension of the present. There is thus a present only according to a past. The intelligence is caught in the wheel of the hermeneutic circle. Historical intelligibility is condemned to turn around the subject-object ratio of history. Because man is both at the same time, historical object and historical subject. Consequently the object cannot be something else than the adventure of the subject himself, and the subject cannot be something else than the self-comprehension of the object which he is himself. Man, finally, has to value. Our judgements on history are inevitably also value judgements. But aren't the criteria of these values largely the fruit of history?


01 Human Paradox
A paradoxal animal
Human paradox
In rupture
An animal in crisis
An animal 'less' (something)
Premature and naked
Child of the difference
Child of elsewhere
02 Verticality
Middle and extremes
Tropism to upwards
Divine instinct
The vertical living
Vertical interiority
The personal mystery
In strict immanence
03 Gaping Depths
Gaping deepness
Child of gaping
Gaping on an other order
Gaping of meaning
Gaping on the questioning
Gaping of matter
Gaping of existence
In vertical gaping
Negative anthropology
04 Sacral Difference
Sacral dimension
The sacral difference
Sacral crisis
The archaeological sacred
Sacral verticality
Hiero-tropic space-time
05 Human Environment
Human space
Closed and open
Curvature of space
Negative space
Space of the sense
Including and included
Between Alpha and Omega
06 The Matrix of Humanity
Child of a culture
Human matrix
Culture and cultures
Master speech
Refusing the enclosures
07 The Spirit
The spiritual reality
How define it?
Going through
The spirit says no
08 Spiritual Breath
Spiritual energy
Making sense
To signify
Sense is through gaping
Speech and language
09 The Sense of Sense
The Sense
The space of the sense
The house of the sense
Including and included sense
Master and possessor of sense
10 The Reason
Constituted and constituent
Scientific dialectics
Structure and sense
11 The Meaning
Demiurge of the significances
To run here and there
Trough articulation
Articulable matter
12 Systems Analysis
The system
Systemic operation
13 Oïkology
Impossible closing
Systemic totality
The house of the spirit
We sinned
14 Exodus
Spiritual adventure
Out of safety measures
Out of the cave
Logos in exodus
15 Through Difference
Starting from difference
Crossing the duality
A logic of crossing
16 Dialectics
Going through 'no'
Fundamental dynamics
The fourth dimension
Passover dialectics
17 Alliance
Broken Alliance
Rupture of the bond
The prodigal son
State of grace
18 History
Emergence of History
Impossible totalizing
Trans-historic verticality
The sense in exodus
Between Alpha and Omega
19 Fertile Confrontation
Singular adventure
Dialectical gestation
Two revolutions
A long gestation
20 Progress
What is progress?
Source of The progress
Exponential acceleration
The tool of progrès
Why it isn't working
Wedged exponential growth
Progressive illusion
21 Schizoid
Tautological speech
Master and possessor
Flirt with nothingness
God driven out
Without the Father
Without recourse
22 The Other One
The other one
To tell the other one
23 Adventurers
Components and exponents
Adventurers of eschatology
24 Through Scandal
Gaping mystery of evil
Trough distance
Congenital evil
Entropy in the human hearth
25 Agape
Gaping of Eros
Captive desire
Eros and Agape
Going down
Defeated entropy
26 God in You
Tropism for Agape
Bottomless bottom
Cleaning the sources
Let you fall
You fall into God